Pakistan – Railways

Pakistan Railways is a state-owned company of Pakistan under the Ministry of Railways (MoR) of the government of Pakistan and headquartered in Lahore, tasked with and primarily responsible for planning, administrating and establishing passenger rail service and regulating railway companies and industries. Pakistan Railways policy and development are administered by the ministry. 

It owns 7,791 kilometres of track across Pakistan from Torkham to Karachi, offering both freight and passenger services.

The Ministry of Railways launched Pakistan Railways Vision 2026, which seeks to increase PR's share in Pakistan's transportation sector from 4% to 20%, using the ₨886.68 billion (US$5.5 billion) China–Pakistan Economic Corridor rail upgrade. The plan includes building new locomotives, development and improvement of current rail infrastructure, an increase in average train speed, improved on-time performance and expansion of passenger service. The first phase of the project was completed in 2017, and the second phase is scheduled for completion by 2021. Pakistan Railways is an active member of the International Union of Railways.

In the year 2019-20 financial year, Pakistan Railways served 70 million passengers. Pakistan Railway offered international tender on 12 September 2020 for new vision of Pakistan Railway's Main Line -1 (ML1). Meanwhile, In recent development the construction of ML-1 project in three phases had been approved by Pakistan Railways  held in August 2020. The actual cost of the project was initially $9bn, including equity amount of the government of Pakistan. But later, it was reduced gradually to $6.8bn.

Pakistan Railways has 190 working diesel-electric locomotives.

Pakistan Railways owns 11,881 kilometres of track. All are 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (broad gauge), except for some industrial lines.

The broad-gauge track axle load limit is 22.86 tonnes, except for the Rohri-Chaman Line and Quetta-Taftan Line (limit 17.27 tonnes). The maximum speed on most lines is 120 kilometres per hour, but upgraded sections of the Karachi-Peshawar Line allow speeds up to 130 kilometres per hour. Work is in progress to upgrade all main lines to 160 kilometres per hour.

New rail lines have been proposed by Pakistan Railways to connect Gwadar Port to Central Asia, including:

Karachi–Gwadar Railway Line (Makran Railway)

Gwadar–Mastung Branch Line

Basima–Jacobabad Branch Line

Bostan–Zhob–Dera Ismail Khan Branch Line

Islamabad–Muzaffarabad Branch Line

Jhang Sadar–Risalewala Branch Line

Breaks of gauge

In Pakistan: 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)–1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) at Gwadar Port

Outside Pakistan: 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)–1,520 mm (4 ft 11+27⁄32 in) at Mazar-i-sharif, Afghanistan and 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)–1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) at Kashgar, China

Track-doubling project

Over 1,409 kilometres of tracks have been doubled since the track-doubling project began in the 1990s. Sections of the Karachi–Peshawar Line were first doubled, since it was the country's busiest and longest line.

Pakistan Government has given its approval for the $7.2bn project to upgrade the railway between Karachi and Peshawar. The modernisation of the rail line is expected to boost the speed of the passenger trains to 160km/h from 110km/h.

Karachi–Peshawar Line

Kiamari–Lodhran Junction: 843 kilometres

Lodhran Junction–Sher Shah Junction: 72 kilometres

Sher Shah Junction–Multan Cantonment: 15 kilometres

Multan Cantonment–Khanewal Junction: 49 kilometres

Khanewal Junction–Sahiwal: 119 kilometres

Sahiwal–Okara: 103 kilometres

Bhoe Asal–Raiwind Junction: 23 kilometres

Raiwind Junction–Shahdara Bagh Junction: 46 kilometres

Chaklala–Golra Sharif Junction: 19 kilometres

Rohri–Chaman Line

Aab-e-Gum–Kolpur: 37 kilometres

Gulistan–Chaman: 60 kilometres

Lahore–Wagah branch line

Lahore Junction–Wagah: 23 kilometres